اقْتَرَبَ لِلنَّاسِ حِسَابُهُمْ وَهُمْ فِي غَفْلَةٍ مُّعْرِضُونَ
21|1|Mankind’s reckoning has drawn near, but they turn away heedlessly.
مَا يَأْتِيهِم مِّن ذِكْرٍ مِّن رَّبِّهِم مُّحْدَثٍ إِلَّا اسْتَمَعُوهُ وَهُمْ يَلْعَبُونَ
21|2|No fresh reminder comes to them from their Lord, but they listen to it playfully.
Religion is only a reminder to what people already know is right. It is the logical conclusion to innate morals.
لَاهِيَةً قُلُوبُهُمْ ۗ
وَأَسَرُّوا النَّجْوَى الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا هَلْ هَٰذَا إِلَّا بَشَرٌ مِّثْلُكُمْ ۖ
أَفَتَأْتُونَ السِّحْرَ وَأَنتُمْ تُبْصِرُونَ
21|3|Their hearts distracted, the wrongdoers confer secretly, “Is this anything but a mortal like you? Will you take to sorcery, with open-eyes?”
قَالَ رَبِّي يَعْلَمُ الْقَوْلَ فِي السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۖ
وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ
21|4|He said, “My Lord knows what is said in the heaven and the earth; and He is the Hearer, the Knower.”
بَلْ قَالُوا أَضْغَاثُ أَحْلَامٍ بَلِ افْتَرَاهُ بَلْ هُوَ شَاعِرٌ فَلْيَأْتِنَا بِآيَةٍ كَمَا أُرْسِلَ الْأَوَّلُونَ
21|5|And they said, “A jumble of dreams,” and, “He made it up,” and, “He is a poet,” “let him bring us a sign, like those sent to the ancients.”
مَا آمَنَتْ قَبْلَهُم مِّن قَرْيَةٍ أَهْلَكْنَاهَا ۖ
21|6|None of the towns We destroyed before them had believed. Will they, then, believe?
وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا قَبْلَكَ إِلَّا رِجَالًا نُّوحِي إِلَيْهِمْ ۖ
فَاسْأَلُوا أَهْلَ الذِّكْرِ إِن كُنتُمْ لَا تَعْلَمُونَ
21|7|We did not send before you except men, whom We inspired. Ask the people of knowledge, if you do not know.
H 538, Ch. 20, h1 Al-Husayn ibn Muhammad has narrated from Mu‘alla ibn Muhammad from al-Washsha’ from ‘Abd Allah ibn ‘Ajlan who has said the following: “About the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, ‘Ask the people of Dhikr if you do not know’ (16:43, 21: 7) Abu Ja‘far, recipient of divine supreme covenant, has said that the Messenger of Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, said, ‘I am the Dhikr and ‘A’immah are the people of Dhikr.’ About the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, ‘It is a Dhikr for you and for your people and you all must be asked (for guidance).’ (43:44) The Imam, recipient of divine supreme covenant, said, ‘We are his “people” and we must be asked (for guidance).’”
وَمَا جَعَلْنَاهُمْ جَسَدًا لَّا يَأْكُلُونَ الطَّعَامَ وَمَا كَانُوا خَالِدِينَ
21|8|We did not make them mere bodies that ate no food, nor were they immortal.
ثُمَّ صَدَقْنَاهُمُ الْوَعْدَ فَأَنجَيْنَاهُمْ وَمَن نَّشَاءُ وَأَهْلَكْنَا الْمُسْرِفِينَ
21|9|Then We fulfilled Our promise to them, and We saved them together with whomever We willed, and We destroyed the extravagant.
لَقَدْ أَنزَلْنَا إِلَيْكُمْ كِتَابًا فِيهِ ذِكْرُكُمْ ۖ
21|10|We have sent down to you a Book, containing your message. Do you not understand?
وَكَمْ قَصَمْنَا مِن قَرْيَةٍ كَانَتْ ظَالِمَةً وَأَنشَأْنَا بَعْدَهَا قَوْمًا آخَرِينَ
21|11|How many a guilty town have We crushed, and established thereafter another people?
فَلَمَّا أَحَسُّوا بَأْسَنَا إِذَا هُم مِّنْهَا يَرْكُضُونَ
21|12|Then, when they sensed Our might, they started running away from it.
لَا تَرْكُضُوا وَارْجِعُوا إِلَىٰ مَا أُتْرِفْتُمْ فِيهِ وَمَسَاكِنِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُسْأَلُونَ
21|13|Do not run, but come back to your luxuries, and to your homes, that you may be questioned.
قَالُوا يَا وَيْلَنَا إِنَّا كُنَّا ظَالِمِينَ
21|14|They said, “Woe to us; we were unfair.”
فَمَا زَالَت تِّلْكَ دَعْوَاهُمْ حَتَّىٰ جَعَلْنَاهُمْ حَصِيدًا خَامِدِينَ
21|15|This continued to be their cry, until We made them silent ashes.
وَمَا خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاءَ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا لَاعِبِينَ
21|16|We did not create the sky and the earth and what is between them for amusement.
H 12059, Ch. 25, h 12 Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Faddal from Yunus ibn Ya‘qub from ‘Abd al-‘Ala’ who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about music (and singing). I said that they think the Messenger of Allah, O Allah, grant compensation to Muhammad and his family worthy of their services to Your cause, has granted permission in saying, ‘We have come to you, we have come to you, so offer us greetings, offer us greetings, we will offer you greetings.’ He (the Imam) said, ‘They have spoken a lie. Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, says, “We did not create the heavens and the earth just for fun. (21:16) Had We wanted to play games, We could have certainly done so with things at hand. (21:17) We bring forward the Truth to crush and destroy falsehood; it is doomed to be banished. Woe to you for your way of thinking about Allah!” (21:18)’ He (the Imam) then said, ‘Woe upon the one who ascribes something to one who is not present in the gathering.’”
لَوْ أَرَدْنَا أَن نَّتَّخِذَ لَهْوًا لَّاتَّخَذْنَاهُ مِن لَّدُنَّا إِن كُنَّا فَاعِلِينَ
21|17|If We wanted amusement, We could have found it within Us, were We to do so.
بَلْ نَقْذِفُ بِالْحَقِّ عَلَى الْبَاطِلِ فَيَدْمَغُهُ فَإِذَا هُوَ زَاهِقٌ ۚ
وَلَكُمُ الْوَيْلُ مِمَّا تَصِفُونَ
21|18|In fact, We hurl the truth against falsehood, and it crushes it, so it vanishes. Woe unto you, for what you describe.
وَلَهُ مَن فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ
وَمَنْ عِندَهُ لَا يَسْتَكْبِرُونَ عَنْ عِبَادَتِهِ وَلَا يَسْتَحْسِرُونَ
21|19|To Him belongs everyone in the heavens and the earth. Those near Him are not too proud to worship Him, nor do they waver.
يُسَبِّحُونَ اللَّيْلَ وَالنَّهَارَ لَا يَفْتُرُونَ
21|20|They praise night and day, without ever tiring.
أَمِ اتَّخَذُوا آلِهَةً مِّنَ الْأَرْضِ هُمْ يُنشِرُونَ
21|21|Or have they taken to themselves gods from the earth who resurrect?
لَوْ كَانَ فِيهِمَا آلِهَةٌ إِلَّا اللَّهُ لَفَسَدَتَا ۚ
فَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَرْشِ عَمَّا يَصِفُونَ
21|22|If there were in them gods other than God, they would have gone to ruin. So glory be to God, Lord of the Throne, beyond what they allege.
لَا يُسْأَلُ عَمَّا يَفْعَلُ وَهُمْ يُسْأَلُونَ
21|23|He will not be questioned about what He does, but they will be questioned.
أَمِ اتَّخَذُوا مِن دُونِهِ آلِهَةً ۖ
قُلْ هَاتُوا بُرْهَانَكُمْ ۖ
هَٰذَا ذِكْرُ مَن مَّعِيَ وَذِكْرُ مَن قَبْلِي ۗ
بَلْ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ الْحَقَّ ۖ
21|24|Or have they taken, besides Him, other gods? Say, “Bring your proof. This is a message for those with me, and a message of those before me.” But most of them do not know the truth, so they turn away.
وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِن قَبْلِكَ مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا نُوحِي إِلَيْهِ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا أَنَا فَاعْبُدُونِ
21|25|We never sent a messenger before you without inspiring him that: “There is no god but I, so worship Me.”
وَقَالُوا اتَّخَذَ الرَّحْمَٰنُ وَلَدًا ۗ
بَلْ عِبَادٌ مُّكْرَمُونَ
21|26|And they say, “The Most Merciful has taken to himself a son.” Be He glorified; they are but honored servants.
لَا يَسْبِقُونَهُ بِالْقَوْلِ وَهُم بِأَمْرِهِ يَعْمَلُونَ
21|27|They never speak before He has spoken, and they only act on His command.
The prophets AS are perfect examples, as they only act in accordance with God’s command, and therefore ma’sum, or infallible.
يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ وَلَا يَشْفَعُونَ إِلَّا لِمَنِ ارْتَضَىٰ وَهُم مِّنْ خَشْيَتِهِ مُشْفِقُونَ
21|28|He knows what is before them, and what is behind them; and they do not intercede except for him whom He approves; and they tremble in awe of Him.
H 8112, Ch. 15, h 1 A number of our people have narrated from Sahl ibn Ziyad from Muhammad ibn ‘Uramah from those who have said the following: “Al-Sadiq abu al-Hassan the 3rd has said that one should say this near the gravesite of `Amir alMu’minin. ‘(I hereby declare, affirm and acknowledge that you are a ‘Alayhi al-Salam and my) submission to (your commandments) O the one who possesses Authority from Allah. You are the first oppressed and the first one whose rights were usurped. You exercised patience nobly until the time of your death. I testify that you went before Allah as a martyr. May Allah punish your assassin by all kinds of punishments and renew his punishments. I, with understanding of your rights and position, have come to visit you. I am aware of your prominent status and I am an enemy of your enemies and those who did injustice to you. I will go before my Lord with this belief, if Allah so wills. O possessor of authority from Allah, I have committed a great deal of sins. So intercede on my behalf before your Lord. You have a praiseworthy position, before Allah, which is well known. You possess high honor before Allah as well as approved intercession. Allah, the most High, has said, ‘No one will be able to intercede before Him except those whom He accepts.’ (21:28)”
۞ وَمَن يَقُلْ مِنْهُمْ إِنِّي إِلَٰهٌ مِّن دُونِهِ فَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِيهِ جَهَنَّمَ ۚ
كَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِي الظَّالِمِينَ
21|29|And whoever of them says, “I am a god besides Him,” We will reward him with Hell. Thus We reward the wrongdoers.
أَوَلَمْ يَرَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا أَنَّ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ كَانَتَا رَتْقًا فَفَتَقْنَاهُمَا ۖ
وَجَعَلْنَا مِنَ الْمَاءِ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ حَيٍّ ۖ
21|30|Do the disbelievers not see that the heavens and the earth were one mass, and We tore them apart? And We made from water every living thing. Will they not believe?
Suggests a time when all things were one, then they were separated, could be a reference to the Big Bang?
there are ahadith that suggest this actually refers to raining.
وَجَعَلْنَا فِي الْأَرْضِ رَوَاسِيَ أَن تَمِيدَ بِهِمْ وَجَعَلْنَا فِيهَا فِجَاجًا سُبُلًا لَّعَلَّهُمْ يَهْتَدُونَ
21|31|And We placed on earth stabilizers, lest it sways with them, and We placed therein signposts and passages, that they may be guided.
وَجَعَلْنَا السَّمَاءَ سَقْفًا مَّحْفُوظًا ۖ
وَهُمْ عَنْ آيَاتِهَا مُعْرِضُونَ
21|32|And We made the sky a protected ceiling; yet they turn away from its wonders.
The Sky protects us from meteors and space debris.
وَهُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ اللَّيْلَ وَالنَّهَارَ وَالشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ ۖ
كُلٌّ فِي فَلَكٍ يَسْبَحُونَ
21|33|It is He who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon; each floating in an orbit.
وَمَا جَعَلْنَا لِبَشَرٍ مِّن قَبْلِكَ الْخُلْدَ ۖ
أَفَإِن مِّتَّ فَهُمُ الْخَالِدُونَ
21|34|We did not grant immortality to any human being before you. Should you die, are they then the immortal?
كُلُّ نَفْسٍ ذَائِقَةُ الْمَوْتِ ۗ
وَنَبْلُوكُم بِالشَّرِّ وَالْخَيْرِ فِتْنَةً ۖ
21|35|Every soul will taste death. We burden you with adversity and prosperity—a test. And to Us you will be returned.
How you behave when your rich or poor is what matters, not how much you accumulate.
وَإِذَا رَآكَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِن يَتَّخِذُونَكَ إِلَّا هُزُوًا أَهَٰذَا الَّذِي يَذْكُرُ آلِهَتَكُمْ وَهُم بِذِكْرِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ هُمْ كَافِرُونَ
21|36|When those who disbelieve see you, they treat you only with ridicule: “Is this the one who mentions your gods?” And they reject the mention of the Merciful.
خُلِقَ الْإِنسَانُ مِنْ عَجَلٍ ۚ
سَأُرِيكُمْ آيَاتِي فَلَا تَسْتَعْجِلُونِ
21|37|The human being was created of haste. I will show you My signs, so do not seek to rush Me.
وَيَقُولُونَ مَتَىٰ هَٰذَا الْوَعْدُ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ
21|38|And they say, “When will this promise come true, if you are truthful?”
لَوْ يَعْلَمُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا حِينَ لَا يَكُفُّونَ عَن وُجُوهِهِمُ النَّارَ وَلَا عَن ظُهُورِهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يُنصَرُونَ
21|39|If those who disbelieve only knew, when they cannot keep the fire off their faces and off their backs, and they will not be helped.
بَلْ تَأْتِيهِم بَغْتَةً فَتَبْهَتُهُمْ فَلَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ رَدَّهَا وَلَا هُمْ يُنظَرُونَ
21|40|In fact, it will come upon them suddenly, and bewilder them. They will not be able to repel it, and they will not be reprieved.
وَلَقَدِ اسْتُهْزِئَ بِرُسُلٍ مِّن قَبْلِكَ فَحَاقَ بِالَّذِينَ سَخِرُوا مِنْهُم مَّا كَانُوا بِهِ يَسْتَهْزِئُونَ
21|41|Messengers before you were also ridiculed, but those who jeered were surrounded by what they had ridiculed.
قُلْ مَن يَكْلَؤُكُم بِاللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ مِنَ الرَّحْمَٰنِ ۗ
بَلْ هُمْ عَن ذِكْرِ رَبِّهِم مُّعْرِضُونَ
21|42|Say, “Who guards you against the Merciful by night and by day?” But they turn away from the mention of their Lord.
أَمْ لَهُمْ آلِهَةٌ تَمْنَعُهُم مِّن دُونِنَا ۚ
لَا يَسْتَطِيعُونَ نَصْرَ أَنفُسِهِمْ وَلَا هُم مِّنَّا يُصْحَبُونَ
21|43|Or do they have gods who can defend them against Us? They cannot help themselves, nor will they be protected from Us.
بَلْ مَتَّعْنَا هَٰؤُلَاءِ وَآبَاءَهُمْ حَتَّىٰ طَالَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْعُمُرُ ۗ
أَفَلَا يَرَوْنَ أَنَّا نَأْتِي الْأَرْضَ نَنقُصُهَا مِنْ أَطْرَافِهَا ۚ
21|44|We have given these enjoyments, and their ancestors, until time grew long upon them. Do they not see how We gradually reduce the land from its extremities? Are they then the victors?
قُلْ إِنَّمَا أُنذِرُكُم بِالْوَحْيِ ۚ
وَلَا يَسْمَعُ الصُّمُّ الدُّعَاءَ إِذَا مَا يُنذَرُونَ
21|45|Say, “I am warning you through inspiration.” But the deaf cannot hear the call when they are being warned.
وَلَئِن مَّسَّتْهُمْ نَفْحَةٌ مِّنْ عَذَابِ رَبِّكَ لَيَقُولُنَّ يَا وَيْلَنَا إِنَّا كُنَّا ظَالِمِينَ
21|46|And when a breath of your Lord’s punishment touches them, they say, “Woe to us, we were truly wicked.”
Allah’s breath is not literal, refers to even the slightest act
وَنَضَعُ الْمَوَازِينَ الْقِسْطَ لِيَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ فَلَا تُظْلَمُ نَفْسٌ شَيْئًا ۖ
وَإِن كَانَ مِثْقَالَ حَبَّةٍ مِّنْ خَرْدَلٍ أَتَيْنَا بِهَا ۗ
وَكَفَىٰ بِنَا حَاسِبِينَ
21|47|We will set up the scales of justice for the Day of Resurrection, so that no soul will suffer the least injustice. And even if it be the weight of a mustard-seed, We will bring it up. Sufficient are We as Reckoners.
H 1113, Ch. 108, h 36 A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ibrahim al-Hamadani in a marfu‘ manner from abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, who has said the following: “About the words of Allah, the Most High, ‘We shall set up the balances to maintain proper justice on the Day of Judgment. . . .,” (21:47) the Imam, recipient of divine supreme covenant, said, “Balances are the prophets and the executors of their wills.’”
وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا مُوسَىٰ وَهَارُونَ الْفُرْقَانَ وَضِيَاءً وَذِكْرًا لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ
21|48|We gave Moses and Aaron the Criterion, and illumination, and a reminder for the righteous.
الَّذِينَ يَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُم بِالْغَيْبِ وَهُم مِّنَ السَّاعَةِ مُشْفِقُونَ
21|49|Those who fear their Lord in private, and are apprehensive of the Hour.
وَهَٰذَا ذِكْرٌ مُّبَارَكٌ أَنزَلْنَاهُ ۚ
أَفَأَنتُمْ لَهُ مُنكِرُونَ
21|50|This too is a blessed message that We revealed. Are you going to deny it?
۞ وَلَقَدْ آتَيْنَا إِبْرَاهِيمَ رُشْدَهُ مِن قَبْلُ وَكُنَّا بِهِ عَالِمِينَ
21|51|We gave Abraham his integrity formerly, and We knew him well.
إِذْ قَالَ لِأَبِيهِ وَقَوْمِهِ مَا هَٰذِهِ التَّمَاثِيلُ الَّتِي أَنتُمْ لَهَا عَاكِفُونَ
21|52|When he said to his father and his people, “What are these statues to which you are devoted?”
قَالُوا وَجَدْنَا آبَاءَنَا لَهَا عَابِدِينَ
21|53|They said, “We found our parents worshiping them.”
قَالَ لَقَدْ كُنتُمْ أَنتُمْ وَآبَاؤُكُمْ فِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ
21|54|He said, “You and your parents are in evident error.”
قَالُوا أَجِئْتَنَا بِالْحَقِّ أَمْ أَنتَ مِنَ اللَّاعِبِينَ
21|55|They said, “Are you telling us the truth, or are you just playing?”
قَالَ بَل رَّبُّكُمْ رَبُّ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ الَّذِي فَطَرَهُنَّ وَأَنَا عَلَىٰ ذَٰلِكُم مِّنَ الشَّاهِدِينَ
21|56|He said, “Your Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, the One who created them, and I bear witness to that.
وَتَاللَّهِ لَأَكِيدَنَّ أَصْنَامَكُم بَعْدَ أَن تُوَلُّوا مُدْبِرِينَ
21|57|“By God, I will have a plan for your statues after you have gone away.”
فَجَعَلَهُمْ جُذَاذًا إِلَّا كَبِيرًا لَّهُمْ لَعَلَّهُمْ إِلَيْهِ يَرْجِعُونَ
21|58|So he reduced them into pieces, except for their biggest, that they may return to it.
قَالُوا مَن فَعَلَ هَٰذَا بِآلِهَتِنَا إِنَّهُ لَمِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ
21|59|They said, “Who did this to our gods? He is certainly one of the wrongdoers.”
قَالُوا سَمِعْنَا فَتًى يَذْكُرُهُمْ يُقَالُ لَهُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ
21|60|They said, “We heard a youth mentioning them. He is called Abraham.”
قَالُوا فَأْتُوا بِهِ عَلَىٰ أَعْيُنِ النَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَشْهَدُونَ
21|61|They said, “Bring him before the eyes of the people, so that they may witness.”
قَالُوا أَأَنتَ فَعَلْتَ هَٰذَا بِآلِهَتِنَا يَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ
21|62|They said, “Are you the one who did this to our gods, O Abraham?”
قَالَ بَلْ فَعَلَهُ كَبِيرُهُمْ هَٰذَا فَاسْأَلُوهُمْ إِن كَانُوا يَنطِقُونَ
21|63|He said, “But it was this biggest of them that did it. Ask them, if they can speak.”
H 2685, CH 135, h 17
Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn
abu Nasr from Hammad ibn ‘Uthman from al-Hassan al-Sayqal who has said the
“Once I said to abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme
covenant, ‘We narrate it from abu Ja’far, recipient of divine
supreme covenant, about the words of Yusuf, “O people of the
camels, you are thieves.” (12:70) The Imam said, ‘By Allah,
they did not steal and he did not lie.’
“The narrator has said that he then said, Ibrahim said, ‘In fact, it
is the large one among them who has done it. Ask them if they
can speak.’ (21:63) The Imam said, ‘By Allah, they did not do it
and he did not lie.’ The narrator has said that abu ‘Abd Allah,
recipient of divine supreme covenant, then asked, ‘What
explanation do you have, O al-Sayqal?’ I (the narrator) then said,
‘We have no explanation, but accept it as is.’ The narrator has
said that the Imam then said, ‘Allah loves two things and hates
two things: He loves shows of arrogance between two fighting
armies and loves lies to establish peace. He hates shows of
arrogance on the roads and lies in the matters other than
establishing reform. Ibrahim (Abraham) said, ‘It is the large one
who has done it,’ with the intention to bring about social reform
to prove that the idols cannot do such things. Yusuf (Joseph)
said what he said and it was for social well-being.’”
64فَرَجَعُوا إِلَىٰ أَنفُسِهِمْ فَقَالُوا إِنَّكُمْ أَنتُمُ الظَّالِمُونَ
21|64|Then they turned to one another, and said, “You yourselves are the wrongdoers.”
ثُمَّ نُكِسُوا عَلَىٰ رُءُوسِهِمْ لَقَدْ عَلِمْتَ مَا هَٰؤُلَاءِ يَنطِقُونَ
21|65|But they reverted to their old ideas: “You certainly know that these do not speak.”
قَالَ أَفَتَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ مَا لَا يَنفَعُكُمْ شَيْئًا وَلَا يَضُرُّكُمْ
21|66|He said, “Do you worship, instead of God, what can neither benefit you in anything, nor harm you?
أُفٍّ لَّكُمْ وَلِمَا تَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ ۖ
21|67|Fie on you, and on what you worship instead of God. Do you not understand?”
قَالُوا حَرِّقُوهُ وَانصُرُوا آلِهَتَكُمْ إِن كُنتُمْ فَاعِلِينَ
21|68|They said, “Burn him and support your gods, if you are going to act.”
قُلْنَا يَا نَارُ كُونِي بَرْدًا وَسَلَامًا عَلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ
21|69|We said, “O fire, be coolness and safety upon Abraham.”
H 1331, Ch. 124, h 13 Ishaq has said that al-Hassan ibn al-Zarif narrated to me the following: “Two issues would nudged in my chest which made me write to abu Muhammad, recipient of divine supreme covenant. I wrote about al-Qa’im (the one who will rise with Divine Authority and power). ‘When he will rise, by what means will he judge among the people and where will be his court house?’ I also wanted to ask him about alternating fever but I had forgotten to mention it in writing. The answer came. ‘You had asked about al-Qa’im. When he will rise he will judge among people through his own knowledge just the way David would judge. He will not call any witness to testify. You also wanted to ask about alternating fever but you forgot to do so. Write this on a sheet (of material), ‘We said to the fire, be cool and peaceful (with Abraham).’ (21:69) The narrator has said that we did just as he had said and the suffering person was relieved.’”
وَأَرَادُوا بِهِ كَيْدًا فَجَعَلْنَاهُمُ الْأَخْسَرِينَ
21|70|They planned to harm him, but We made them the worst losers.
وَنَجَّيْنَاهُ وَلُوطًا إِلَى الْأَرْضِ الَّتِي بَارَكْنَا فِيهَا لِلْعَالَمِينَ
21|71|And We delivered him, and Lot, to the land that We blessed for all people.
وَوَهَبْنَا لَهُ إِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ نَافِلَةً ۖ
وَكُلًّا جَعَلْنَا صَالِحِينَ
21|72|And We granted him Isaac and Jacob as a gift; and each We made righteous.
وَجَعَلْنَاهُمْ أَئِمَّةً يَهْدُونَ بِأَمْرِنَا وَأَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْهِمْ فِعْلَ الْخَيْرَاتِ وَإِقَامَ الصَّلَاةِ وَإِيتَاءَ الزَّكَاةِ ۖ
وَكَانُوا لَنَا عَابِدِينَ
21|73|And We made them leaders, guiding by Our command; and We inspired them to do good works, and to observe the prayer, and to give out charity. They were devoted servants to Us.
H 562, Ch. 25, h2 Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn Yahya from Talha ibn Zayd from abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, who has said the following: “‘A’immah mentioned in the book of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, are of two kinds. Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High has said, (1) ‘We appointed them as ‘A’immah (leaders) to guide the people through Our command . . .’ (21:73) They do so but not because of the commands of the people. They allow Our command to come first and before their own orders, and Our laws before their own laws and judgment. (2) Allah has also said, ‘We made them the kinds of Imams (leaders) who invite people to the fire . . .’ (28:41) They (this kind of Imam) make their own commands to come before the commands of Allah and their laws before the laws of Allah. They follow their desires against what the book of Allah, the Most Holy, and the Most High, requires.’”
وَلُوطًا آتَيْنَاهُ حُكْمًا وَعِلْمًا وَنَجَّيْنَاهُ مِنَ الْقَرْيَةِ الَّتِي كَانَت تَّعْمَلُ الْخَبَائِثَ ۗ
إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا قَوْمَ سَوْءٍ فَاسِقِينَ
21|74|And Lot—We gave him judgment and knowledge, and We delivered him from the town that practiced the abominations. They were wicked and perverted people.
وَأَدْخَلْنَاهُ فِي رَحْمَتِنَا ۖ
إِنَّهُ مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ
21|75|And We admitted him into Our mercy; for He was one of the righteous.
وَنُوحًا إِذْ نَادَىٰ مِن قَبْلُ فَاسْتَجَبْنَا لَهُ فَنَجَّيْنَاهُ وَأَهْلَهُ مِنَ الْكَرْبِ الْعَظِيمِ
21|76|And Noah, when he called before. So We answered him, and delivered him and his family from the great disaster.
وَنَصَرْنَاهُ مِنَ الْقَوْمِ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا ۚ
إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا قَوْمَ سَوْءٍ فَأَغْرَقْنَاهُمْ أَجْمَعِينَ
21|77|And We supported him against the people who rejected Our signs. They were an evil people, so We drowned them all.
وَدَاوُودَ وَسُلَيْمَانَ إِذْ يَحْكُمَانِ فِي الْحَرْثِ إِذْ نَفَشَتْ فِيهِ غَنَمُ الْقَوْمِ وَكُنَّا لِحُكْمِهِمْ شَاهِدِينَ
21|78|And David and Solomon, when they gave judgment in the case of the field, when some people’s sheep wandered therein by night; and We were witnesses to their judgment.
H 9302 (b), Ch. 154, h 2 A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from certain persons of our people from Mu’alla’ abu ‘Uthman from abu Basir who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most Glorious, ‘. . . and Dawud and Sulayman who judged about the plantation which was damaged by the sheep of the people.’ (21:78) Abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, has said, ‘Such damage can happen only during the night. It is the responsibility of the owner of plantation to protect it during the day. The owner of cattle is not required to protect them during the day. During the day it is grazing and feeding. What is damaged is not the responsibility of its owner. The owner of the cattle is responsible to guard them during the night against destroying the people’s plantation. Whatever they may destroy during the night is the responsibility of the owner of cattle and that is what is called al-Nafsh (grazing). Dawud issued judgment in favor of the one whose plantation was damaged against the owner of sheep. Sulayman issued his judgment to pay for the damage in the form of one year’s milk and wool of the sheep to the owner of the plantation.’”
فَفَهَّمْنَاهَا سُلَيْمَانَ ۚ
وَكُلًّا آتَيْنَا حُكْمًا وَعِلْمًا ۚ
وَسَخَّرْنَا مَعَ دَاوُودَ الْجِبَالَ يُسَبِّحْنَ وَالطَّيْرَ ۚ
21|79|And so We made Solomon understand it, and to each We gave wisdom and knowledge. And We subjected the mountains along with David to sing Our praises, and the birds as well—surely We did.
وَعَلَّمْنَاهُ صَنْعَةَ لَبُوسٍ لَّكُمْ لِتُحْصِنَكُم مِّن بَأْسِكُمْ ۖ
فَهَلْ أَنتُمْ شَاكِرُونَ
21|80|And We taught him the making of shields for you, to protect you from your violence. Are you, then, appreciative?
وَلِسُلَيْمَانَ الرِّيحَ عَاصِفَةً تَجْرِي بِأَمْرِهِ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ الَّتِي بَارَكْنَا فِيهَا ۚ
وَكُنَّا بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَالِمِينَ
21|81|And to Solomon the stormy wind, blowing at His command towards the land that We have blessed. We are aware of everything.
وَمِنَ الشَّيَاطِينِ مَن يَغُوصُونَ لَهُ وَيَعْمَلُونَ عَمَلًا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ ۖ
وَكُنَّا لَهُمْ حَافِظِينَ
21|82|And of the devils were some that dived for him, and performed other, lesser tasks. But We kept them restrained.
۞ وَأَيُّوبَ إِذْ نَادَىٰ رَبَّهُ أَنِّي مَسَّنِيَ الضُّرُّ وَأَنتَ أَرْحَمُ الرَّاحِمِينَ
21|83|And Job, when he cried out to his Lord: “Great harm has afflicted me, and you are the Most Merciful of the merciful.”
فَاسْتَجَبْنَا لَهُ فَكَشَفْنَا مَا بِهِ مِن ضُرٍّ ۖ
وَآتَيْنَاهُ أَهْلَهُ وَمِثْلَهُم مَّعَهُمْ رَحْمَةً مِّنْ عِندِنَا وَذِكْرَىٰ لِلْعَابِدِينَ
21|84|So We answered him, lifted his suffering, and restored his family to him, and their like with them—a mercy from Us, and a reminder for the worshipers.
وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِدْرِيسَ وَذَا الْكِفْلِ ۖ
كُلٌّ مِّنَ الصَّابِرِينَ
21|85|And Ishmael, and Enoch, and Ezekiel; each was one of the steadfast.
وَأَدْخَلْنَاهُمْ فِي رَحْمَتِنَا ۖ
إِنَّهُم مِّنَ الصَّالِحِينَ
21|86|And We admitted them into Our mercy. They were among the righteous.
وَذَا النُّونِ إِذ ذَّهَبَ مُغَاضِبًا فَظَنَّ أَن لَّن نَّقْدِرَ عَلَيْهِ فَنَادَىٰ فِي الظُّلُمَاتِ أَن لَّا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا أَنتَ سُبْحَانَكَ إِنِّي كُنتُ مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ
21|87|And Jonah, when he stormed out in fury, thinking God’s power would not reach over them. But then He cried out in the darkness, “There is no god but You! Glory to You! I am those who are harmed”
فَاسْتَجَبْنَا لَهُ وَنَجَّيْنَاهُ مِنَ الْغَمِّ ۚ
وَكَذَٰلِكَ نُنجِي الْمُؤْمِنِينَ
21|88|So We answered him, and saved him from the affliction. Thus We save the faithful.
Sometimes verses 21:87 are read in a way that suggests Prophet Younis AS was abandoning God or his mission. This verse makes this theory null and void.
وَزَكَرِيَّا إِذْ نَادَىٰ رَبَّهُ رَبِّ لَا تَذَرْنِي فَرْدًا وَأَنتَ خَيْرُ الْوَارِثِينَ
21|89|And Zechariah, when he called out to his Lord, “My Lord, do not leave me alone, even though you are the Best of heirs.”
فَاسْتَجَبْنَا لَهُ وَوَهَبْنَا لَهُ يَحْيَىٰ وَأَصْلَحْنَا لَهُ زَوْجَهُ ۚ
إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا يُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْخَيْرَاتِ وَيَدْعُونَنَا رَغَبًا وَرَهَبًا ۖ
وَكَانُوا لَنَا خَاشِعِينَ
21|90|So We answered him, and gave him John. And We cured his wife for him. They used to vie in doing righteous deeds, and used to call on Us in love and awe, and they used to humble themselves to Us.
وَالَّتِي أَحْصَنَتْ فَرْجَهَا فَنَفَخْنَا فِيهَا مِن رُّوحِنَا وَجَعَلْنَاهَا وَابْنَهَا آيَةً لِّلْعَالَمِينَ
21|91|And she who guarded her virginity. We breathed into her of Our spirit, and made her and her son a sign to the world.
إِنَّ هَٰذِهِ أُمَّتُكُمْ أُمَّةً وَاحِدَةً وَأَنَا رَبُّكُمْ فَاعْبُدُونِ
21|92|This community of yours is one community, and I am your Lord, so worship Me.
وَتَقَطَّعُوا أَمْرَهُم بَيْنَهُمْ ۖ
كُلٌّ إِلَيْنَا رَاجِعُونَ
21|93|But they splintered themselves into factions. They will all return to Us.
فَمَن يَعْمَلْ مِنَ الصَّالِحَاتِ وَهُوَ مُؤْمِنٌ فَلَا كُفْرَانَ لِسَعْيِهِ وَإِنَّا لَهُ كَاتِبُونَ
21|94|Whoever does righteous deeds, and is a believer, his effort will not be denied. We are writing it down for him.
وَحَرَامٌ عَلَىٰ قَرْيَةٍ أَهْلَكْنَاهَا أَنَّهُمْ لَا يَرْجِعُونَ
21|95|There is a ban on the town that We had destroyed—that they will not return.
those towns that were judged in the past, will not come back , eg no raja’a for them
حَتَّىٰ إِذَا فُتِحَتْ يَأْجُوجُ وَمَأْجُوجُ وَهُم مِّن كُلِّ حَدَبٍ يَنسِلُونَ
21|96|Until, when Gog and Magog are let loose, and they swarm down from every mound.
وَاقْتَرَبَ الْوَعْدُ الْحَقُّ فَإِذَا هِيَ شَاخِصَةٌ أَبْصَارُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا يَا وَيْلَنَا قَدْ كُنَّا فِي غَفْلَةٍ مِّنْ هَٰذَا بَلْ كُنَّا ظَالِمِينَ
21|97|The promise of truth has drawn near. The eyes of those who disbelieved will stare in horror: “Woe to us. We were oblivious to this. In fact, we were wrongdoers.”
إِنَّكُمْ وَمَا تَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ حَصَبُ جَهَنَّمَ أَنتُمْ لَهَا وَارِدُونَ
21|98|You and what you worship besides God are fuel for Hell. You will descend into it.
لَوْ كَانَ هَٰؤُلَاءِ آلِهَةً مَّا وَرَدُوهَا ۖ
وَكُلٌّ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ
21|99|Had these been gods, they would not have descended into it. All will abide in it.
لَهُمْ فِيهَا زَفِيرٌ وَهُمْ فِيهَا لَا يَسْمَعُونَ
21|100|In it they will wail. In it they will not hear.
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ سَبَقَتْ لَهُم مِّنَّا الْحُسْنَىٰ أُولَٰئِكَ عَنْهَا مُبْعَدُونَ
21|101|As for those who deserved goodness from Us—these will be kept away from it.
لَا يَسْمَعُونَ حَسِيسَهَا ۖ
وَهُمْ فِي مَا اشْتَهَتْ أَنفُسُهُمْ خَالِدُونَ
21|102|They will not hear its hissing, and they will forever abide in what their hearts desire.
لَا يَحْزُنُهُمُ الْفَزَعُ الْأَكْبَرُ وَتَتَلَقَّاهُمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ هَٰذَا يَوْمُكُمُ الَّذِي كُنتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ
21|103|The Supreme Fear will not worry them, and the angels will receive them: “This is your Day which you were promised.”
H 2182, CH 83, h 1 Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ‘Umar ibn ‘Abd al-‘Aziz from Jamil ibn Darraj from abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, who has said the following: “If a beleiver provides clothes for his brother (in belief) to use in winter or summer, it becomes a right with Allah to dress him with the dresses of paradise, to ease off the agony of death for him, make his grave greatly roomy. On coming out of his grave he meets the angels who give him the good news as Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Holy, has said, ‘The angels will come to them with this glad news: ‘This is your day which was promised to you.’” (21:103)
يَوْمَ نَطْوِي السَّمَاءَ كَطَيِّ السِّجِلِّ لِلْكُتُبِ ۚ
كَمَا بَدَأْنَا أَوَّلَ خَلْقٍ نُّعِيدُهُ ۚ
وَعْدًا عَلَيْنَا ۚ
إِنَّا كُنَّا فَاعِلِينَ
21|104|On the Day when We fold the heaven, like the folding of a book. Just as We began the first creation, We will repeat it—a promise binding on Us. We will act.
21:104 suggests that universe will collapse and then another big bang
Appears to support a “Crunch” universal model.
وَلَقَدْ كَتَبْنَا فِي الزَّبُورِ مِن بَعْدِ الذِّكْرِ أَنَّ الْأَرْضَ يَرِثُهَا عِبَادِيَ الصَّالِحُونَ
21|105|We have written in the Psalms, after the Reminder, that the earth will be inherited by My righteous servants.
H 598, Ch. 33, h6 Muhammad has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Husayn ibn Sa‘id from al-Nadr ibn Suwayd from ‘Abd Allah ibn Sinan who has said the following: “Once I mentioned before abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High. ‘We have written in al-Zabur (the psalms), which We had revealed after al-Dhikr (the Torah). . . .’ (21:105) and I asked, ‘What is al-Zabur and what is al-Dhikr?’ The Imam said, ‘AlDhikr is with Allah and al-Zabur is what He gave to David. Every book that was revealed is with the people of knowledge and we are the people of knowledge.’”
إِنَّ فِي هَٰذَا لَبَلَاغًا لِّقَوْمٍ عَابِدِينَ
21|106|Indeed, in this is a message for people who worship.
وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَاكَ إِلَّا رَحْمَةً لِّلْعَالَمِينَ
21|107|We did not send you except as mercy to mankind.
قُلْ إِنَّمَا يُوحَىٰ إِلَيَّ أَنَّمَا إِلَٰهُكُمْ إِلَٰهٌ وَاحِدٌ ۖ
فَهَلْ أَنتُم مُّسْلِمُونَ
21|108|Say, “It is revealed to me that your God is One God. Are you going to submit?”
فَإِن تَوَلَّوْا فَقُلْ آذَنتُكُمْ عَلَىٰ سَوَاءٍ ۖ
وَإِنْ أَدْرِي أَقَرِيبٌ أَم بَعِيدٌ مَّا تُوعَدُونَ
21|109|But if they turn away, say, “I have informed you sufficiently. Although I do not know whether what you are promised is near or far.”
إِنَّهُ يَعْلَمُ الْجَهْرَ مِنَ الْقَوْلِ وَيَعْلَمُ مَا تَكْتُمُونَ
21|110|He knows what is said openly, and He knows what you conceal.
وَإِنْ أَدْرِي لَعَلَّهُ فِتْنَةٌ لَّكُمْ وَمَتَاعٌ إِلَىٰ حِينٍ
21|111|“And I do not know whether it is perhaps a trial for you, and an enjoyment for a while.”
قَالَ رَبِّ احْكُم بِالْحَقِّ ۗ
وَرَبُّنَا الرَّحْمَٰنُ الْمُسْتَعَانُ عَلَىٰ مَا تَصِفُونَ
21|112|He said, “My Lord, judge with justice.” And, “Our Lord is the Gracious, Whose help is sought against what you allege.”
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