1يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَوْفُوا بِالْعُقُودِ ۚ أُحِلَّتْ لَكُم بَهِيمَةُ الْأَنْعَامِ إِلَّا مَا يُتْلَىٰ عَلَيْكُمْ غَيْرَ مُحِلِّي الصَّيْدِ وَأَنتُمْ حُرُمٌ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يَحْكُمُ مَا يُرِيدُ
livestock refers to the animals that do not eat meat and are kept by man, eg sheep, goats, cow, camel etc.
Also Allah says 10|24|The likeness of the present life is this: water that We send down from the sky is absorbed by the plants of the earth, from which the people and the livestock eat….
people must respect holy sites, things that have holy history or significance
Carrion is decaying meat from an animal that has died, rather than being killed to eat.
H 11189, Ch. 16, h 1
A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Khalid from ‘Uthman ibn ‘Isa from Sama‘ah who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the food of the people of the book and what is lawful for food thereof. He (the Imam) said, ‘It is grains.’”
H 11194, Ch. 16, h 6
Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Sinan from abu al-Jarud who has said the following: “I once asked abu ‘Abd Allah, ‘Alayhi al-Salam, about the words of Allah, most Majestic, most
Glorious, ‘The food of the people to whom the book was given is lawful for you and your food is lawful for them.’ (5:5) He (the Imam) said, ‘It is grains and vegetables.’”
How to wash for prayer, important to note some body parts are wiped, some washed, the position of wiping is the position of many companions and successors, including Ibn Abbas, Anas, and Ikrima; the position of choosing between the two is that of al-Tabari, Hasan al-Basri, Jubbai, Nasir and Dawud. Generally the sunni of today wash everything except the head and the shia follow the above verse as it is.
As is common the language of the Quran, the word “hands” is not to be taken literally, it refers to ones power and influence.
5:32,33,34 life is precious, but so is society. No contradiction between individual rights and society’s right.
seek the means – suggests that religion is not simply a state of mind or an opinion to be held but rather something that should be actively done.
The preceding verse was explaining that people should seek good deeds as a means to being successful with God. This verse explains that obtaining everything as a disbeliever will not help at all. As mentioned in surah baqarah, the belief of the polytheist was to be buried with gold, or wealth as an offering to God to forgive them or raise their status in the after life. This form of intercession is not acceptable with God, here He says even if they offered the whole world it would not be accepted.
The Quran is a book that does not change, but as humanity evolves into a more perfect being with better understanding we may extrapolate deeper and more relevant meanings from the same text. For example, traditionally this verse refers to cutting the hand of the thief physically. However as we reflect on the Quran we understand that the word Hands is rarely used literally, it often refers to ones influence or power, eg curse the hands of abu Lahab, Allah creates with His Hand, Prophets are people of Hands etc.
This verse may now mean that thief needs to have the ability to steel removed from them in the best way. The following verse also gives further mercy, if the person repents and is reformed, then there is no further punishment.
is this rhetorical? Is this saying that the Torah is useful as it is? Or that it wasn’t and they knew, hence they would ask the Prophet ?
Also 5|47|So let the people of the Gospel rule according to what God revealed in it. Those who do not rule according to what God revealed are the sinners.
The understanding is as follows, the Jews and Christians were given texts that were divine and perfect. They then mixed these books with additional ideas that were not from God. See 5:41. 5:43 is a critical comment about the Jews etc saying, if you seek justice, why did you not refer to your own texts? Knowing that the parties involved know of the corruption in those texts or religious institutions so that they will not get a fair hearing.
There are many instances in the Quran we find “had God willed”, meaning that He hasnt willed, so we have free will here on earth. The ayats imply if the matter was purely down to Allah’s will, then there would be no fitnah or issues.
means guardians or rulers. People that control your fate and you rely on them or your rulers or source of knowledge.
The true believer relies on God, the believer does good and is not concerned about short term loss. The good must be done and their is no compromise.
H 363, Ch. 23, h 11
Some of our people have narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abdallah from ‘Abdal Wahhab ibn
Bishr from Musa ibn Qadim from Sulayman from Zurara from abu Ja‘far (a.s.) who has said
“I asked the Imam about the words of Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, “They (children
of Israel) did not wrong Us but they wronged themselves.” (2:57) The Imam said, “Allah is
far Great and Majestic and Mighty above being wronged. But He has mixed us with His Ownself.
He has considered the wrong done to us as being done to Him and His Own authority as
our authority as He has said, “Only God, His Messenger, and the true believers who are
steadfast in prayer and pay alms, while they kneel during prayer, are your guardians” (5:55).
It means the Imams from us. Allah has also said, “They (children of Israel) did not wrong Us
but wronged themselves. (2:57)” Then he mentioned a similar statement.”
H 466, Ch. 8, h 7
Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hakam from al-Husayn ibn abu al-‘Ala’
whos has said that I mentioned to Imam abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) our expression about the
successors (of the Prophets (s.a.)) “That obedience to them is obligatory”, the Imam (a.s.)
said, ‘It is very true because they are the people about whom Allah, the Most Holy, the Most
High, has said, “Believers, obey God, His Messenger, and your (qualified) leaders. . . .’ (4:59)
It is they about whom Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, has also said, ‘Only God, His
Messenger, and the true believers who are steadfast in prayer and pay alms, while they kneel
during prayer, are your guardians (5:55)’”
The allegorical use of “hands” that is common throughout the Quran, again in this instance it is not literal, hands refers to Allah power. The Jews claim that Allah is not able to give any new religion or benefit to others as they are the chosen people. They were the chosen people of that time, but this have moved on.
plurality of faiths is a tenet of Islam. Whoever believes and does good is rewarded.
The Nabi Isa as was mortal, a human male.
considering the surrounding verses, this appears to be aimed at the Christians, the accusation is that they have exaggerated Jesus into being the son of God
These are all irrational practices that only cloud the mind and leave the victim vulnerable to extortion.
he words in this holy verse are about the hunts of the sea. It says:
The objective meaning of ‘food’, mentioned in this verse, is the food that can be prepared from the hunted fish. The verse intends to make two things admissible. One of them is ‘hunting’, and the other is ‘consuming the food made from the hunted things.’
Then, the Qur’an points to the philosophy of this ordinance, implying that this permission is for the sake that you and the travelers can enjoy it. It says:
In other words, the verse means: for the sake that you do not fall in trouble for nutrition when you are in pilgrim garb, and that you can be able to enjoy one kind of hunting, this permission has been given due to the hunts of the sea.
As an emphasis, the Qur’an returns to the former ordinance once more, and says:
And, at the end of the verse, in order to emphasize upon all the ordinances that were mentioned, it says:
The Philosophy of No Hunting when Being in Pilgrim Garb!
We know that the performance of Hajj and ‘Umrah is one of the worships that makes man aloof from the world of matter and brings him into an environment full of spiritualities.
In performing the rite of Hajj and ‘Umrah, the ceremonies of the material life, fights and conflicts, hatreds, sexual desires, and material pleasures, will totally be put aside and the person reaches a kind of godly legitimated asceticism. So, it seems that the prohibition of hunting, while being in pilgrim garb, is also for the same purpose.
Besides, if hunting were an allowed action in Allah’s center of pilgrimage, regarding to the large crowd of pilgrims that every year come into this holy land, the existence of many animals of the zone would be destroyed, in particular that, because of dryness and scarcity of water, its animals are not so abundant.
Paying attention to the fact that hunting animals and picking plants of that sacred land is also prohibited, even when the pilgrims to Mecca are not in their pilgrim garb, it makes clear that this commandment has a close connection with the subject of protection of environment and maintaining the plants and animals of the locality.
Therefore, the philosophy of prohibition or making something admissible is not always substantial, but it sometimes depends on the conditions of time and place. Then, geography and history are effective on the ordinance of Allah.
Thus, the abundance of people, and the performance of the worshipping rite, should not be a means of annihilation and destruction for animals and plants.
Making a will is essential. Unfortunately the Prophet SAW was denied this opportunity by certain companions (see the “calamity of Thursday”)
Nabi Isa as was removed from earth when he was aged around 30, the phrase used here to say he spoke in “old age,maturity” suggests that his mission is not over.
Inspiration from Allah is not just for prophets etc here Nabi Isa As, companions are inspired by Allah.
When dead, even as a martyr, can not witness the events taking place in this life.