Tafsir 53. An-Najm

1وَالنَّجْمِ إِذَا هَوَىٰ
53|1|By the star as it goes down.
2مَا ضَلَّ صَاحِبُكُمْ وَمَا غَوَىٰ
53|2|Your friend has not gone astray, nor has he erred.
3وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ
53|3|Nor does he speak out of desire.
4إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَىٰ
53|4|It is but a revelation revealed.
5عَلَّمَهُ شَدِيدُ الْقُوَىٰ
53|5|Taught to him by the Extremely Powerful.
6ذُو مِرَّةٍ فَاسْتَوَىٰ
53|6|The one of vigor. He settled.
7وَهُوَ بِالْأُفُقِ الْأَعْلَىٰ
53|7|While he was at the highest horizon.
8ثُمَّ دَنَا فَتَدَلَّىٰ
53|8|Then he came near, and hovered around.
9فَكَانَ قَابَ قَوْسَيْنِ أَوْ أَدْنَىٰ
53|9|He was within two bows’ length, or closer.
10فَأَوْحَىٰ إِلَىٰ عَبْدِهِ مَا أَوْحَىٰ
53|10|Then He revealed to His servant what He revealed.
11مَا كَذَبَ الْفُؤَادُ مَا رَأَىٰ
53|11|The heart did not lie about what it saw.
 

١٧ – ما حدثنا به محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد رحمه الله قال: حدثنا محمد بن الحسن الصفار، عن محمد بن الحسين بن أبي الخطاب، عن محمد بن الفضيل قال: سألت أبا الحسن عليه السلام هل رأى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ربه عز وجل؟ فقال: نعم بقلبه رآه، أما سمعت الله عز وجل يقول: (ما كذب الفؤاد ما رأى) أي لم يره بالبصرة، لكن رآه بالفؤاد.

Muhammad ibn al-Hasan ibn Ahmad ibn al-Walid (RA) said: Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al- Saffar said on the authority of Muhammad ibn al-Husayn ibn Abu al-Khattab, on the authority of Muhammad ibn al-Fudayl that:

I asked Abu al-Hasan al-Kazim (AS): “Did the Messenger of Allah (SA) see his Lord, the Mighty and High?” Hence, he (AS) replied: “Yes, he saw Him by means of his heart. Have you not heard Allah, the Might and High that the heart was not untrue in (making him see) what he saw [53:11]. That is to say, he did not see Him with his eyes, but he saw Him with the heart.”

Source: at-Tawheed by Shaykh Saduq, Pg 116 , H 17.

2 – أحمد بن إدريس، عن محمد بن عبد الجبار، عن صفوان بن يحيى قال: سألني أبو قرة المحدث أن ادخله على أبي الحسن الرضا عليه السلام فاستأذنته في ذلك فأذن لي فدخل عليه فسأله عن الحلال والحرام والأحكام حتى بلغ سؤاله إلى التوحيد فقال أبو قرة: إنا روينا أن الله قسم الرؤية والكلام بين نبيين فقسم الكلام لموسى ولمحمد الرؤية، فقال أبو الحسن عليه السلام: فمن المبلغ عن الله إلى الثقلين من الجن والإنس ” لا تدركه الابصار ولا يحيطون به علما. وليس كمثله شئ ” أليس محمد؟ قال: بلى قال: كيف يجيئ رجل إلى الخلق جميعا فيخبرهم أنه جاء من عند الله وأنه يدعوهم إلى الله بأمر الله فيقول: ” لا تدركه الابصار ولا يحيطون به علما وليس كمثله شئ ” ثم يقول أنا رأيته بعيني وأحطت به علما وهو على صورة البشر؟! أما تستحون؟! ما قدرت الزنادقة أن ترميه بهذا أن يكون يأتي من عند الله بشئ، ثم يأتي بخلافه من وجه آخر؟! قال أبو قرة: فإنه يقول: ” ولقد رآه نزلة أخرى ” فقال أبو الحسن عليه السلام: إن بعد هذه الآية ما يدل على ما رأى. حيث قال: ” ما كذب الفؤاد ما رأى ” يقول: ما كذب فؤاد محمد ما رأت عيناه، ثم أخبر بما رأى فقال ” لقد رأى من آيات ربه الكبرى (1) ” فآيات الله غير الله وقد قال الله: ” ولا يحيطون به علما (2) ” فإذا رأته الابصار فقد أحاطت به العلم ووقعت المعرفة، فقال أبو قرة: فتكذب بالروايات؟ فقال أبو الحسن عليه السلام: إذا كانت الروايات مخالفة للقرآن كذبتها. وما أجمع المسلمون عليه أنه لا يحاط به علما ولا تدركه الابصار وليس كمثله شئ؟.

Ahmad ibn Idris has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan ibn Yahya who said the following:

“Abu Qurrah (Musa ibn Tariq al-Yamani al-Zabudi (died 203A.H./818A.D.), a narrator of Hadith, asked me to take him to abu al-Hassan al-Rida (a.s), I sought permission from the Imam (a.s), and an audience was granted. He asked the Imam about what is lawful and unlawful and the rules in Islamic laws. His questions came to Oneness of Allah. Abu Qurrah said, ‘We (the narrators of Hadith) narrate that Allah the Almighty has divided His being seen, al-Ru’ya, and His speech, al-Kalam, between the two prophets. He gave Musa (Moses) the opportunity to hear His speech. He granted to Prophet Muhammad Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÂáå æÓáã, the opportunity to see Him.’

“Imam abu al-Hassan (a.s), said, ‘If it is as you say then who was it that conveyed the message from Allah to the two heavy communities, namely, mankind and the Jinn in the following words of the Holy Quran: “. . . the eyes cannot comprehend Him”, (6:103) “They cannot limit Him through their knowledge,” (20:110) and “There is nothing similar to Him.” (42:11) ‘Was it not Muhammad Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÂáå æÓáã, who conveyed the above verses,’ asked the Imam (a.s),?’

“Abu Qurrah then replied, ‘Yes, He was Prophet Muhammad Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÂáå æÓáã,’ The Imam said, ‘How can a person; who brought such messages to all creatures and told them that he has brought such messages from Allah and called them to Allah by His commands and said, “The eyes cannot comprehend Him,” (6:103) “They cannot limit Him through their knowledge” (20:110) and “There is nothing similar to Him;” (42:11) say, “I saw Him with my own eyes? I did limit Him in my knowledge and that He is similar to a man.” Should you not be ashamed of yourselves? Even the atheist has not said that the Prophet first brought one thing from Allah and then announced from Him other things contrary to the first.’

“Abu Qurrah then said, ‘Does Allah Himself not say, “Indeed he (the Prophet) saw him in another descent?”’ (53: 13) Imam abu al-Hassan (a.s), said, ‘The other verses point out what the Prophet actually saw. Allah has said, “His heart did not lie about what he saw,” (53: 11) It means that the heart of Muhammad did not belie what his eyes saw. Therefore, Allah in the subsequent verse has said, “Indeed he saw of the greatest signs of his Lord.” (53:18) The signs of Allah are different from Allah Himself. Allah has also said, “They cannot limit Him in their knowledge.” (20:110) If the eyes could see Him, then people might limit Him in their knowledge and He could be fully defined.’

“Abu Qurrah asked, ‘Do you disregard Hadith?’ Imam abu alHassan (a.s), replied, ‘If Ahadith are contrary to Holy Quran, I disregard them. Besides, all Muslims believe that Allah cannot be limited by (anyone’s) knowledge, that eyes cannot see Him and that nothing is similar to Him.’”

Source: Al-Kafi by Shaykh Kulayni, Vol 1, Pg 95, H 2

Grading: Allamah Majlisi: Saheeh (Authentic) (Mirat ul Uqool 1/328)

 
12أَفَتُمَارُونَهُ عَلَىٰ مَا يَرَىٰ
53|12|Will you dispute with him concerning what he saw?
13وَلَقَدْ رَآهُ نَزْلَةً أُخْرَىٰ
53|13|He saw him on another descent.
14عِندَ سِدْرَةِ الْمُنتَهَىٰ
53|14|At the Lotus Tree of the Extremity.
 

100 – كشف اليقين: محمد بن العباس، عن محمد بن همام بن سهيل، عن محمد بن إسماعيل العلوي، عن عيسى بن داود النجار، عن أبي الحسن موسى بن جعفر، عن أبيه، عن جده عليهم السلام في قوله عز وجل: ” ذو مرة فاستوى “، إلى قوله: ” إذ يغشى السدرة ما يغشى (2) فإن النبي (صلى الله عليه وآله) لما أسري به إلى ربه جل وعز قال: وقف بي جبرئيل (عليه السلام) عند شجرة عظيمة لم أر مثلها، على كل غصن منها (3) وعلى كل ورقة منها ملك، وعلى كل ثمرة منها ملك، وقد كللها نور من نور الله جل وعز، فقال جبرئيل: هذه سدرة المنتهى، كان ينتهي الأنبياء من قبلك إليها، ثم لا يجاوزونها، وأنت تجوزها إن شاء الله ليريك من آياته الكبرى، فاطمئن أيدك الله بالثبات، حتى تستكمل كرامات الله، وتصير إلى جواره، ثم صعد بي حتى صرت تحت العرش فدلي لي رفرف أخضر ما أحسن أصفه، فرفعني الرفرف بإذن الله إلى ربي فصرت عنده، وانقطع عني أصوات الملائكة ودويهم، وذهبت عني المخاوف والروعات (4) وهدأت نفسي واستبشرت، وظننت أن جميع الخلائق قد ماتوا أجمعين، ولم أر عندي أحدا من خلقه، فتركني ما شاء الله، ثم رد علي روحي فأفقت، فكان توفيقا من ربي عز وجل أن غمضت عيني، وكل بصري وغشي عني النظر، فجعلت أبصر بقلبي كما أبصر بعيني، بل أبعد وأبلغ، فذلك قوله جل وعز: ” ما زاغ البصر وما طغى * لقد رأى من آيات ربه الكبرى (5) وإنما كنت أرى في مثل مخيط الإبرة، ونور بين يدي ربي لا تطيقه الابصار، فناداني ربي عز وجل فقال تبارك وتعالى: يا محمد، قلت: لبيك ربي وسيدي وإلهي لبيك، قال: هل عرفت قدرك عندي ومنزلتك وموضعك؟ قلت: نعم يا سيدي، قال: يا محمد هل عرفت موقفك مني وموضع ذريتك قلت: نعم يا سيدي، قال: فهل تعلم يا محمد فيما اختصم الملا الاعلى؟ فقلت: يا رب أنت أعلم وأحكم وأنت علام الغيوب، قال: اختصموا في الدرجات والحسنات، فهل تدري ما الدرجات والحسنات؟ قلت: أنت أعلم يا سيدي وأحكم، قال: إسباغ الوضوء في المكروهات (1)، والمشي على الاقدام إلى الجمعات معك ومع الأئمة من ولدك، وانتظار الصلاة بعد الصلاة، وإفشاء السلام، وإطعام الطعام، والتهجد بالليل والناس نيام قال: ” آمن الرسول بما انزل إليه من ربه ” قلت: نعم يا رب ” والمؤمنون كل آمن بالله وملائكته وكتبه ورسله لا نفرق بين أحد من رسله قالوا سمعنا وأطعنا غفرانك ربنا وإليك المصير ” قال: صدقت يا محمد ” لا يكلف الله نفسا إلا وسعها لها ما كسبت وعليها ما اكتسبت ” وأغفر لهم، وقلت: ” ربنا لا تؤاخذنا إن نسينا أو أخطأنا ” إلى آخر السورة (2)، قال: ذلك لك ولذريتك يا محمد! قلت: ربي وسيدي وإلهي! قال: أسألك عما أنا أعلم به منك؟ من خلفت في الأرض بعدك؟ قلت: خير أهلها لها: أخي وابن عمي، وناصر دينك يا رب، والغاصب لمحارمك إذا استحلت، ولنبيك، غضيب النمر إذا جدل، علي بن أبي طالب، قال: صدقت يا محمد إني اصطفيتك بالنبوة، وبعثتك بالرسالة، وامتحنت عليا بالبلاغ والشهادة إلى أمتك، وجعلته حجة في الأرض معك وبعدك، وهو نور أوليائي، وولي من أطاعني، وهو الكلمة التي ألزمتها المتقين يا محمد، وزوجته فاطمة، وإنه وصيك ووارثك ووزيرك، وغاسل عورتك، وناصر دينك، والمقتول على سنتي وسنتك، يقتله شقي هذه الأمة، قال رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله) ثم أمرني ربي بأمور وأشياء أمرني أن أكتمها ولم يؤذن لي في إخبار أصحابي بها، ثم هوى بي الرفرف فإذا أنا بجبرئيل فتناقلني منه حتى صرت إلى سدرة المنتهى، فوقف بي تحتها، ثم أدخلني إلى جنة المأوى، فرأيت مسكني ومسكنك يا علي فيها، فبينا جبرئيل يكلمني إذ تجلى لي نور من نور الله عز وجل فنظرت إلى مثل مخيط الإبرة إلى مثل ما كنت نظرت إليه في المرة الأولى، فناداني ربي جل وعز: يا محمد، قلت: لبيك ربي وسيدي وإلهي قال: سبقت رحمتي غضبي لك ولذريتك، أنت مقربي من خلقي، وأنت أميني وحبيبي ورسولي، وعزتي وجلالي لو لقيني جميع خلقي يشكون فيك طرفة عين، أو يبغضون صفوتي من ذريتك لأدخلنهم ناري ولا أبالي، يا محمد علي أمير المؤمنين، وسيد المسلمين، وقائد الغر المحجلين إلى جنات النعيم، أبو السبطين، سيدي شباب أهل جنتي، المقتولين ظلما، ثم حرض على الصلاة (1) وما أراد تبارك وتعالى، وقد كنت قريبا منه في المرة الأولى مثل ما بين كبد القوس إلى سيته، فذلك قوله عز وجل: ” قاب قوسين أو أدنى ” من ذلك ثم ذكر سدرة المنتهى فقال: ” ولقد رآه نزلة أخرى * عند سدرة المنتهى * عندها جنة المأوى * إذ يغشى السدرة ما يغشى * ما زاغ البصر وما طغى ” يعني ما غشي السدرة من نور الله وعظمته (2). بيان: قال الجوهري: الرفرف: ثياب خضر تتخذ منها المحابس (3)، الواحدة رفرفة، والرفرف أيضا: كسر الخباء وجوانب الدرع وما تدلى منها. أقول: روى هذا الخبر الشيخ حسن بن سليمان في كتاب المحتضر من تفسير محمد بن العباس مثله سواء (4)

And from Muhammad bin Abbas, from Muhammad Bin Hamam, from Muhammad Bin Ismail, from Ays Bin Dawood,

‘Abu Al-Hassan (a.s) Al-Musa (a.s) Bin Ja’far (a.s), from his (a.s) father (a.s), from his (a.s) grandfather (a.s), from Ali (a.s) regarding the Words of the Mighty and Majestic [53:16] When the Lote Tree overwhelmed what it overwhelmed. He (a.s) said: ‘When the Prophet (s.a.w.a.s) went on Ascension to his (s.a.w.a.s) Lord, he said (about it): ‘Jibraeel paused with me in the presence of a Magnificent Tree. I had never seen the like of it before. Upon each of its branches was an Angel, and upon each of its leaves was an Angel, and upon each of its fruit was an Angel, and it was Radiating Light from the Light of Allah Mighty and Majestic.

Jibraeel said: ‘This here is The Lote Tree (المنتهدى سددرة .(The Prophetsas before you have ended up to here, then they never exceeded it, and you exceed it, and if Allah so Desires, He would Show you from the Greatest Signs. Be assured that Allah the High would Support you to be steadfast until He Completes His Prestige (upon you), and you journey to His Nearness’.

Then I ascended to be underneath the Throne, so a green flap approached me, the beauty of which I cannot describe, so it raised me by the Permission of my Lord. I went to be in His Presence, and the voices of the Angels and their sounds was cut off from me (a.s), and the fears and the concerns went away from me and I calmed myself and was encouraged, and I extended myself and was overcome by the delightfulness and the serenity of it all, and I thought that the whole of the creation had died out, and I did not see anyone apart from myself from His Creatures. So I was left (in that situation) for as long as Allah so Desired to. Then He Returned my soul back to me, so I came around, and it was a Guidance from my Lord that my eyes were closed, and every vision and look was covered. So I went on to visualise with my heart just as I visualise with my eyes. But it was more extensive and more profound, and these are the Words of the High [53:11] The heart did not belie what it saw [53:18] He saw of the greatest Signs of his Lord. But rather, I was visualising a corridor of Light like a needle, between me and my Lord, which the sight cannot bear’.

So my Lord Blessed and High Called out to me: “O Muhammad (s.a.w.a.s)!” I said: ‘Here I am my Lord, and my God, and my Master!’ He Said: “Do you understand your worth in my Presence, and your place, and your status?” I said: ‘Yes, my Master!’ He Said: “O Muhammad (s.a.w.a.s)! Do you understand your place from Me and the place of your descendants?’ I said: ‘Yes, my Master!’

He Said: “So do you know, O Muhammad (s.a.w.a.s), regarding what the High Assembly quarrelled?’ I said: ‘O Lord, You are more Knowing and more Wise, and You are the Knower of the Hidden matters’. He Said: “They quarrelled regarding the Levels, and the Rewards. So, do you know what are these Levels and the Rewards?” I said: ‘You are more Knowing my Master, and more Wise’. He Said: “The performance of the ablution during the obligations, and the walking upon the feet to the congregation with you, and with your children (a.s), and the awaiting for the Prayer after the Prayer, and disclosure of the greetings, and the feeding of the food, and the Tahajjud (Prayer) at night when the people sleep”.
َ
Then I Said: “[2:285] The Rasool believes in what has been Revealed to him from his Lord, and (so do) the Believers; they all believe in Allah and His angels and His Books and His Rasools; We do not disregard His Rasuls; and they say: We hear and obey, our Lord! Your Forgiveness (do we crave), and to You is the eventual journey’. He Said: “you speak the truth O Muhammad (s.a.w.a.s)! [2:286] Allah does not Impose upon any soul a duty but to the extent of its ability; for it is (the benefit of) what it has earned and upon it (the evil of) what it has wrought: Our Lord! do not Punish us if we forget or make a mistake; Our Lord! do not Lay on us a burden as You Laid on those before us, Our Lord do not Impose upon us that which we have not the strength to bear; and Pardon us and Grant us Protection and have Mercy on us, You art our Protector, so Help us against the unbelieving people. That is for you and your descendants, O Muhammad (s.a.w.a.s)!” I said: ‘Yes! my Lord, I am at your Disposal and at Your Service, my Master, and my God’.

He Said: “I Ask you, although I am more Knowing of it than you are, who is the one (a.s) whom you have left behind (in your place) in the earth after you?’ I said: ‘The best of my Family, my brother and cousin, and  helper of Your Religion, and the angry one at those who permit Your Prohibitions, and for the sake of Your Prophet (s.a.w.a.s), has the anger of the angry, Ali (a.s) Bin Abu Talib (a.s)’.

He Said: “you have spoke the truth, O Muhammad (s.a.w.a.s)! I Chose you for the Prophet-hood, and Sent you with the Message, and Selected Ali (a.s) with the preaching and the martyrdom upon your community, and Made him (a.s) as a Proof in the earth with you and after your. And he (a.s) is the Light of the Former ones, and the Guardian of the one who obeys Me, and he (a.s) is the ‘Word’ which is necessitated upon the pious. O Muhammad (s.a.w.a.s)! And get him (a.s) married to Fatima (a.s), for he (a.s) is your successor, and your inheritor, and your Vizier, and washer of your body, and helper of your Religion, and the murdered one upon My Sunnah and your Sunnah, and it would be the wretched one of this community who would kill him (a.s)”.

Rasool-Allah (s.a.w.a.s) said: ‘Then my Lord Commanded me with matters and things, and Commanded me that I keep these concealed, and did not Permit me for informing my companions about these. Then the (green) flap raised me (a.s), and took me back to Sidrat Al-Muntaha to be with Jibraeel, who was waiting for me underneath it. Then he entered me into the Garden of Shelter (المأوى جنة .(So I saw my dwelling place, and your (a.s) dwelling, O Ali (a.s), in it.

While Jibraeel was speaking to me, I noticed a Light from the Light of Allah. So I looked at it, and it was like a needle, similar to what I saw the first time. So my Lord, Majestic is His Majesty Called out to me: “O Muhammad (s.a.w.a.s)!” I said: ‘Here I am, my Lord, my God, my Master?’ He Said: “My Mercy Precedes My Anger for you and for your descendants (a.s). you are of My qualities from My creatures, and you are My Trustworthy one, and My Beloved, and My Rasool (s.a.w.a.s), and My Honour, and My Majesty. Even if all of My creatures were to doubt regarding you, for the blink of an eye, or (try to find) faults in you, or (try to find) fault in your descendants (a.s), I would Enter all of them into the Fire, and I  would not Care. O Muhammad (s.a.w.a.s)! Ali (a.s) is the Amir-ul-Momineen (a.s), and the Chief of the Rasools, and the Guide of the Resplendent to the Garden of Bliss, father of the grandsons (السبطين (the Chiefs of the youths of My Paradise, the ones (who will be) murdered by injustice”.

Then He Obligated upon me the Prayer, and whatever the Blessed and High Wanted, and I was closer to Him in the first time, similar to what is in between the two ends of the bow. So these are the Words of the High [53:9] So he was the measure of two bows or even closer’.

Source: Behar al-Anwaar by Allamah Majlisi, Vol 18, Pg 395, H 100.

 
15عِندَهَا جَنَّةُ الْمَأْوَىٰ
53|15|Near which is the Garden of Repose.
16إِذْ يَغْشَى السِّدْرَةَ مَا يَغْشَىٰ
53|16|As there covered the Lotus Tree what covered it.
17مَا زَاغَ الْبَصَرُ وَمَا طَغَىٰ
53|17|The sight did not waver, nor did it exceed.
18لَقَدْ رَأَىٰ مِنْ آيَاتِ رَبِّهِ الْكُبْرَىٰ
53|18|He saw some of the Great Signs of his Lord.
19أَفَرَأَيْتُمُ اللَّاتَ وَالْعُزَّىٰ
53|19|Have you considered al-Lat and al-Uzza?
20وَمَنَاةَ الثَّالِثَةَ الْأُخْرَىٰ
53|20|And Manat, the third one, the other?
21أَلَكُمُ الذَّكَرُ وَلَهُ الْأُنثَىٰ
53|21|Are you to have the males, and He the females?
22تِلْكَ إِذًا قِسْمَةٌ ضِيزَىٰ
53|22|What a bizarre distribution.
23إِنْ هِيَ إِلَّا أَسْمَاءٌ سَمَّيْتُمُوهَا أَنتُمْ وَآبَاؤُكُم مَّا أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ بِهَا مِن سُلْطَانٍ ۚ إِن يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا الظَّنَّ وَمَا تَهْوَى الْأَنفُسُ ۖ وَلَقَدْ جَاءَهُم مِّن رَّبِّهِمُ الْهُدَىٰ
53|23|These are nothing but names, which you have devised, you and your ancestors, for which God sent down no authority. They follow nothing but assumptions, and what the ego desires, even though guidance has come to them from their Lord.
24أَمْ لِلْإِنسَانِ مَا تَمَنَّىٰ
53|24|Or is the human being to have whatever he desires?
25فَلِلَّهِ الْآخِرَةُ وَالْأُولَىٰ
53|25|To God belong the Last and the First.
26۞ وَكَم مِّن مَّلَكٍ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ لَا تُغْنِي شَفَاعَتُهُمْ شَيْئًا إِلَّا مِن بَعْدِ أَن يَأْذَنَ اللَّهُ لِمَن يَشَاءُ وَيَرْضَىٰ
53|26|How many an angel is there in the heavens whose intercession avails nothing, except after God gives permission to whomever He wills, and approves?
27إِنَّ الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْآخِرَةِ لَيُسَمُّونَ الْمَلَائِكَةَ تَسْمِيَةَ الْأُنثَىٰ
53|27|Those who do not believe in the Hereafter give the angels the names of females.
28وَمَا لَهُم بِهِ مِنْ عِلْمٍ ۖ إِن يَتَّبِعُونَ إِلَّا الظَّنَّ ۖ وَإِنَّ الظَّنَّ لَا يُغْنِي مِنَ الْحَقِّ شَيْئًا
53|28|They have no knowledge of that. They only follow assumptions, and assumptions are no substitute for the truth.
29فَأَعْرِضْ عَن مَّن تَوَلَّىٰ عَن ذِكْرِنَا وَلَمْ يُرِدْ إِلَّا الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا
53|29|So avoid him who has turned away from Our remembrance, and desires nothing but the present life.
30ذَٰلِكَ مَبْلَغُهُم مِّنَ الْعِلْمِ ۚ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَن ضَلَّ عَن سَبِيلِهِ وَهُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنِ اهْتَدَىٰ
53|30|That is the extent of their knowledge. Your Lord knows best who has strayed from His path, and He knows best who has accepted guidance.
31وَلِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ لِيَجْزِيَ الَّذِينَ أَسَاءُوا بِمَا عَمِلُوا وَيَجْزِيَ الَّذِينَ أَحْسَنُوا بِالْحُسْنَى
53|31|To God belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. He will repay those who do evil according to their deeds, and recompense those who do good with the best.
32الَّذِينَ يَجْتَنِبُونَ كَبَائِرَ الْإِثْمِ وَالْفَوَاحِشَ إِلَّا اللَّمَمَ ۚ إِنَّ رَبَّكَ وَاسِعُ الْمَغْفِرَةِ ۚ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِكُمْ إِذْ أَنشَأَكُم مِّنَ الْأَرْضِ وَإِذْ أَنتُمْ أَجِنَّةٌ فِي بُطُونِ أُمَّهَاتِكُمْ ۖ فَلَا تُزَكُّوا أَنفُسَكُمْ ۖ هُوَ أَعْلَمُ بِمَنِ اتَّقَىٰ
53|32|Those who avoid gross sins and indecencies—except for minor lapses—your Lord is of Vast Forgiveness. He knows you well, ever since He created you from the earth, and ever since you were embryos in your mothers’ wombs. So do not acclaim your own virtue; He is fully aware of the righteous.
33أَفَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي تَوَلَّىٰ
53|33|Have you considered him who turned away?
34وَأَعْطَىٰ قَلِيلًا وَأَكْدَىٰ
53|34|And gave a little, and held back?
35أَعِندَهُ عِلْمُ الْغَيْبِ فَهُوَ يَرَىٰ
53|35|Does he possess knowledge of the unseen, and can therefore foresee?
36أَمْ لَمْ يُنَبَّأْ بِمَا فِي صُحُفِ مُوسَىٰ
53|36|Or was he not informed of what is in the Scrolls of Moses?
37وَإِبْرَاهِيمَ الَّذِي وَفَّىٰ
53|37|And of Abraham, who fulfilled?
38أَلَّا تَزِرُ وَازِرَةٌ وِزْرَ أُخْرَىٰ
53|38|That no soul bears the burdens of another soul.
39وَأَن لَّيْسَ لِلْإِنسَانِ إِلَّا مَا سَعَىٰ
53|39|And that the human being attains only what he strives for.
40وَأَنَّ سَعْيَهُ سَوْفَ يُرَىٰ
53|40|And that his efforts will be witnessed.
41ثُمَّ يُجْزَاهُ الْجَزَاءَ الْأَوْفَىٰ
53|41|Then he will be rewarded for it the fullest reward.
42وَأَنَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ الْمُنتَهَىٰ
53|42|And that to your Lord is the finality.
43وَأَنَّهُ هُوَ أَضْحَكَ وَأَبْكَىٰ
53|43|And that it is He who causes laughter and weeping.
44وَأَنَّهُ هُوَ أَمَاتَ وَأَحْيَا
53|44|And that it is He who gives death and life.
45وَأَنَّهُ خَلَقَ الزَّوْجَيْنِ الذَّكَرَ وَالْأُنثَىٰ
53|45|And that it is He who created the two kinds—the male and the female.
46مِن نُّطْفَةٍ إِذَا تُمْنَىٰ
53|46|From a sperm drop, when emitted.
47وَأَنَّ عَلَيْهِ النَّشْأَةَ الْأُخْرَىٰ
53|47|And that upon Him is the next existence.
48وَأَنَّهُ هُوَ أَغْنَىٰ وَأَقْنَىٰ
53|48|And that it is He who enriches and impoverishes.
49وَأَنَّهُ هُوَ رَبُّ الشِّعْرَىٰ
53|49|And that it is He who is the Lord of Sirius.
50وَأَنَّهُ أَهْلَكَ عَادًا الْأُولَىٰ
53|50|And that it is He who destroyed the first Aad.
51وَثَمُودَ فَمَا أَبْقَىٰ
53|51|And Thamood, sparing no one.
52وَقَوْمَ نُوحٍ مِّن قَبْلُ ۖ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا هُمْ أَظْلَمَ وَأَطْغَىٰ
53|52|And the people of Noah before that; for they were most unjust and most oppressive.
53وَالْمُؤْتَفِكَةَ أَهْوَىٰ
53|53|And He toppled the ruined cities.
54فَغَشَّاهَا مَا غَشَّىٰ
53|54|And covered them with whatever covered them.
55فَبِأَيِّ آلَاءِ رَبِّكَ تَتَمَارَىٰ
53|55|So which of your Lord’s marvels can you deny?
56هَٰذَا نَذِيرٌ مِّنَ النُّذُرِ الْأُولَىٰ
53|56|This is a warning, just like the first warnings.
57أَزِفَتِ الْآزِفَةُ
53|57|The inevitable is imminent.
58لَيْسَ لَهَا مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ كَاشِفَةٌ
53|58|None besides God can unveil it.
59أَفَمِنْ هَٰذَا الْحَدِيثِ تَعْجَبُونَ
53|59|Do you marvel at this discourse?
60وَتَضْحَكُونَ وَلَا تَبْكُونَ
53|60|And laugh, and do not weep?
61وَأَنتُمْ سَامِدُونَ
53|61|Lost in your frivolity?
62فَاسْجُدُوا لِلَّهِ وَاعْبُدُوا ۩
53|62|So bow down to God, and worship!
Medina Minds Team

Medina Minds Team

A group of contributors who are working to publicize the reality of Islam and Muslims.

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